What is Pungmul?‎ > ‎

7 Formations

The so-called formations were incorporated to train the army units (made up of farmers in olden times) and derive from the patterns of soldiers forming ranks. The Nabal, Jing, or Buk sent the signals, and under the command of a Sangsoi, the soldiers formed ranks and fought. In time, the military formation relaxed and became more leisure-centered, as now seen in the various forms and styles of Pangut. Formations were meant to encourage collective action and a spirit of solidarity among the people, as well as to develop the leaders' skills.

Based on appearance and origin, the Pangut-related forms are divided into the following types: Dalpaengijin (Bangwuljin, Meongseokmari, Toltolmari), SSangbangwuljin, Sambangjin, Obangjin, Euljajin, Wonjin, Gasaejin, Munjin, Gasaechigi, Mijigi, Taekeukjin, Satongbaeki (Utdari), Daedaeyeopchigi (Utdari), Kyeopjin (Bitnae Jingut), Sipjajin (Pungchajin), Moinongsapurijin (Kangreung Pungmul). All of these forms are adaptable, changed to suit the needs of the people. Besides the ones used in Pangut, there are many kinds of other formations such as Maetumjinpuri in the Paessaumnori.

Another form of interest is the communal Daedongnori, which hundreds of people can participate in and enjoy immensely. Even if the formations do not serve a Pungmulgut, they can be incorporated into group play and the singing of songs. For instance, there are Ganggangsulae, Eoruha Eoru Eolssa and Kwaejina Chingchingnanae.